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Southern Hoe Cakes Recipe

Southern Hoe Cakes are basically fried cornbread pancakes that are crisp, tender and delicious. It is so easy and perfect for breakfast or anytime of day especially with Cajun Stuffed Chicken and Collard Greens!


Today we’re whipping a southern classic: Hoe Cakes.

If you’ve never tried Hoe Cakes, now is the time. They are a super easy to whip together dish that are great for any kind of meal!

Hoecakes on a white plate fanned around in a circle ready to enjoy


Though they look a lot like pancakes, don’t be fooled, Hoe Cakes are a delicious force of their own. A “Hoe Cake”, or “Johnny Cake”, is basically cornbread made minimalist; they’re thin rounds made with a simple cornmeal, water, and salt batter. Each cake is pan-fried in fat, resulting in golden sides and crisp edges. Inside, hoecakes are dense yet still creamy. They’re perfect for soaking up syrups or shoveling mouthfuls of braised greens or fried corn.


According to most Southern history buffs, hoecakes got their name from the slave practice of cooking them on field hoes. I know, that sounds totally impossible! But back then hoes were actually a colloquial term for griddle.

Hoe cakes didn’t come about because someone thought a bread made of cornmeal, fat, and water sounded like a whole ton of fun. Most colonists viewed corn as a crude, cheap substitute or wheat flour, so most of the crop was left to indigenous natives and slaves who utilized it best.

This recipe is one that echoes a story of fortitude, resilience, and humility that runs deep in the history of African American cooking. Hoecakes celebrate flavor and innovation without any frills or fanfare-just good food.

An overhead of ingredients to make southern pancakes against a marble background


Over the years, hoecake recipes have become a staple in most Southern homes. Folks often tweak those family recipes to make them their own, which is also what I’ve done.

I grew up enjoying a stack of fried cornbread for breakfast or as a side to a pot of braised greens for Sunday dinner. These are special memories I’m excited to share with y’all today! 

Here’s what you’re gonna need: 

  • SELF-RISING WHITE CORNMEAL & SELF-RISING FLOUR- I like to use a mix of the two because it produces a lighter, fluffier texture but you can absolutely use all of one or the other. 
  • GRANULATED SUGAR- hoecakes are by no means sweet; they’re intended to be eaten in both sweet and savory settings. A little bit of sugar just offers some flavor and balances things out. Cane sugar works here too. 
  • BUTTERMILK- Creamy and tangy, buttermilk packs a whole lot of tasty punch. If you don’t have any on hand, regular milk will work but texture and taste will be affected.
  • EGG- Egg binds the batter together. Try replacing it with a flax egg if you’ve got an allergy. 
  • WATER- Add the water gradually to avoid a thin batter. If it’s looking too thick, add about a tablespoon of extra water at a time. 
  • MELTED FAT OR OIL- If you ask me, bacon grease is king here; it’s got the perfect amount of fatty, salty goodness.
Eggs and buttermilk being stirred into a bowl of dry ingredients


Cooking up hoecakes is no harder than whipping up a batch of pancakes or waffles!

Southern pancake batter being mixed together before frying

All you’ve really gotta do is mix together the batter until it’s a texture of thick soup and heat up a big ‘ole skillet. I like to use my grandmother’s cast iron (mostly for nostalgia) but any flat iron griddle, or skillet will do just fine.

A pancake being fried in a cast iron skillet

I highly recommend using a mixture of vegetable oil and butter to avoid any burning. Butter just can’t handle high heat for prolonged amounts of time. Fry the cakes for a couple minutes on each side, or until the edges are crisp and the center is set.

Hoecakes are best at their warmest and crispiest, but leftovers can be re-warmed in the oven!


  • Hoecakes are meant to be made in smaller portions, not like large-sized pancakes. About 2 tablespoons of batter at a time should do the trick! 
  • If you don’t have buttermilk but you’d prefer to use it, you can make it homemade by mixing 1 cup of milk with 1 tablespoon of white vinegar or lemon juice. 
  • Want to try a savory variety? Mix in some bacon bits and cheddar cheese into the batter! Bits of jalapeño are also a delicious addition. 
  • Like any fried food, there’s gonna be some grease on these bad boys. Be sure to drain them on paper towels to remove the excess. 
Hoecakes on a white plate fanned around in a circle ready to enjoy


If you have leftover hoe cakes, store them in an airtight container in the fridge for up to 4 days. Otherwise, you can freeze them in a freezer safe, zip top bag for up to 3 months.

When you need to reheat the hoe cake, it’s best to place the slices on a baking sheet in a 350-degree oven for five to 10 minutes.

Hoecakes on a white plate fanned around in a circle ready to enjoy
Print Pin
4.20 from 5 votes

Southern Hoe Cakes

Hoe Cakes are a true Southern delicacy that are basically fried cornbread pancakes that are crisp, tender and delicious.
Prep Time 5 minutes
Cook Time 15 minutes
Total Time 20 minutes
Servings 4 servings
Author Jocelyn Delk Adams


  • 1/2 cup self rising cornmeal use the white cornmeal
  • 1/2 cup self rising flour
  • 1 tbsp granulated sugar
  • 1/3 cup buttermilk
  • 1 large egg beaten
  • 1/3 cup water or more if you need
  • 2 tbsp bacon grease or you can use butter
  • butter and oil for frying


  • Combine cornmeal, flour, and sugar. Gradually mix in buttermilk and egg to form a thick, soup-like batter. Stir in water and bacon grease.
  • Heat butter and a bit of oil in a cast iron skillet to prevent burning.
  • In batches, drop 1/8 cup of batter into the skillet. Flip when edges are set, bubbled, and browned.
  • Drain hoe cakes on paper towels and serve hot.


I would make sure to add either oil or butter and oil to fry so the butter doesn’t burn.


Serving: 235g

Recipe Rating

Valentine Figiel

Monday 3rd of July 2023

Great recipes!!! Love the hoe cakes especially the peach cobbler egg rolls!!!!

Brandi Crawford

Monday 31st of July 2023

Glad to hear it!